Udayana University Press
ISBN No: 978-602-8566-85-8







Teaching and Learning Science Technology

Society Approach   Ergonomic Based

Reduces Musculoskeletal Disorder

and Fatigue Students  IKIP

Saraswati Tabanan



Teaching and Learning Science Technology Society Approach Ergonomic
Based Reduces Musculoskletal Disorder and Fatigue Students IKIP Saraswati

I Gusti Made Oka Suprapta
Department of Biology Education, IKIP Saraswati Tabanan
The aim of ergonomic approach to the process of teaching and learning is to improve
the quality of student health, so that expected results of their study will also increase.
Teaching and learning science technology society approach in the department of
Biology IKIP Saraswati Tabanan not yet ergonomic rules because the results of
preliminary research be discovered: (a) size of the seats and desks of students
not in accordance with the anthropometry of the students; (b) placement of the
blackboard is not adjusted to the height of the eyes of students in a sitting position;
(c) placement of the screen OHP/ LCD is not adapted to the height of the eyes of
students in a sitting position; (d) writing on a transparency and the writing power
point not meet the rules of ergonomics; (e) lighting a room for reading and writing
less than 350 lux; (f) the microclimate in the room study was not adequate so that it
can interfere with learning; (g) Teaching methods applied by lecturers still use the
discussion of information, so that forcing the students sit in the long time period.
The research method used treatment by subject design, with a total sample of 20
people who are determined randomly. The experiment was conducted on 14-15 April
2010 in the Department of Biology IKIP Saraswati Tabanan. Collecting data by
questionnaire nordic body map, and questionnaire 30 items of rating scales. Mean,
standard deviation and range of data were analyzed descriptively. Shapiro-Wilk
Test used to test the normality of data. Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test is comparability
test different effects before and after teaching and learning to identify changes that
occur in variable MSD, and students subjective fatigue.
The result of data analysis, there was an increase in musculoskeletal disorder
(MSD) 15,02% (p <0.05) and fatigue 11,9% (p <0.05). To reduce all these
complaints, it is necessary to teaching and learning science technology society
approach ergonomics-based.
Keywords: Teaching and Learning, Ergonomic, MSD, Fatigue
Ergonomics is the science, technology and art to adapt tools, methods and environment on
the capacity, ability and limitations of students, in order to obtain the working conditions and a
healthy environment, safe, comfortable and efficient, and ultimately achieved the highest
productivity (Manuaba, 1996). Ergonomics is very necessary in an activity that involves human
beings in it by taking into account the capabilities and task demands. Human capacity is largely
determined by the capacity physiology factor and psychology, while the demands of the task is
influenced by the characteristics of the materials work, a task that must be done, the organization
and the environment in which the work was done (Manuaba, 2003). Ergonomics can be suppressed
by the negative impact of the utilization of science and technology, because the ergonomics of work
due to illness, accidents, pollution, poisoning, job dissatisfaction, mistakes the human element,
can be avoided or suppressed a nicety (Manuaba, 1996 and 2003).
Means of teaching and learning who applied so far in the department of Biology education
IKIP Saraswati Tabanan not use ergonomic approaches, such as: (a) size of the seats and desks of
students not in accordance with the anthropometry of the students; (b) placement of the
blackboard is not adjusted to the height of the eyes of students in a sitting position;
placement of the screen OHP/ LCD is not adapted to the height of the eyes of students in a sitting
position; (d) writing on a transparency and the writing power point
ergonomics; (e) lighting a room for reading and writing less than 350 lu
room study was not adequate so that it can interfere with learning;
with the Science Technology Society approach, namely: the presentation of teaching materials
related to social issues and technology in society (Dzaki, 2009; Nurohman, 2008; Sumintono, 2008;
and Widyatiningtyas, 2008). Although already using innovative teaching methods, but the
application of ergonomics approach has not been implemented, so that:
the lecturers; (b) students can not make an active break;
student has not had the same opportunity convey ideas, questions, suggestions, answers and
opinions; and (e) when the lectures take place over long periods can cause fatigue and boredom.
Based on the above, the teaching and learning did not use ergonomic approach can disrupt
the system of skeletal muscle and fatigue.
Musculoskeletal systems often also called the system of
attached to bones which consists of the muscles that are volunteers striata. Skeletal muscle function
are: (a) organize the movement of the moving body parts, (b) maintaining a certain attitude, due to
local muscle contractions that allow us to take the attitude of standing, sitting, squatting, and other
attitudes; and produce heat because of the chemical processes within muscles that can be used to
maintain body temperature. (Berger, 1982; Guyton, 1999; Mcardle, 1981; Pearce, 19
1981; Wilmore, 1994).
Fatigue as a parameter of quality of health in general is a situation that is reflected from the
symptoms of psychological changes in the form of motor activity and respiration of inaction, there
is pain, heavy on the eye ball, the weakening of motivation, and other physical activity that will
affect the physical or mental activity (Grandjean, 1988 and Sedarmayanti, 1996). According Pulat
(1992) Fatigue can be classified into two types, namely general fatigue and muscle
Identify and problems solutions in ergonomics will be more holistic, if the total ergonomic
approach which contains two aspects: (1) SHIP approach to the identification and analysis, and
solution to the problem is systemic, holistic,
appropriate technology (TTG) for Indonesia as a developing country requires a change slowly and
appropriate technologies, relevant to the actual circumstances, cheaper, according to community
characteristics and economic conditions of countries (Manuaba, 2004).
The research method used treatment by subject design, with a total sample of 20 people
who are determined randomly. The experiment was conducted on 14
Department of Biology Education
body map, and questionnaire 30 items of rating scales. Mean,
were analyzed descriptively. Shapiro
Rank Test is comparability test different effects before and after teaching and learning to identify
changes that occur in variable MSD,
The sample in this study were 20
population in Department of Biology
data is shown in table 1 below. T
and measurement relative humidity and environment temperature shown in
ent not meet the rules of
lux; (f) the microclimate in the
(g) lecturers teaching method
ology (a) learning is dominated by
(c) students sitting for long periods;
tures skeletal muscle or muscles
1997; Stegemann,
interdisciplinary and participatory; (2) the use of
tics 14-15 April 2010 in the
IKIP Saraswati Tabanan. Collecting data by questionnaire
standard deviation and range of data
Shapiro-Wilk Test used to test the normality of data. Wilcoxon Signed
and students subjective fatigue.
persons, which is determined at randomly from the student
Education IKIP Saraswati Tabanan. Sample anthropometrics
The musculoskeletal disorder and fatigue data shown in table 2,
easurement table 3 below.
(d) the
97; nordic
Table 1. Students Anthropometrics data
Anthropometric Percentile 5 (cm) Percentile 95 (cm)
Seating Position:
Eye height 113,50
Elbow Height 65,50
High popliteal 41,00
Shoulder width *) 34,50
Wide hips *) 39,00
Buttock popliteal length 37,50
Battock knee length 47,00
Standing position:
Reach to top 173,50
*) = Using 95 percentile
Table 2. Musculoskeletal Disorder and Fatigue Data Pre-Post Teaching and Learning
Measurement Pre Post Increase (%)
Musculoskletal Disorder 31,95* 36,75* 15,02 %
Fatigue 33,60* 37,60* 11,9%
Notes: * significantly different (p < 0.05)
Table 3. Measurement Relative Humidity and Environment Temperature
Relative Humidity (%) Wet temperature (0C) Dry temperature(0C)
70.3 26.00 30.4
Musculoskeletal Disorder and Fatigue in Teaching and Learning
Results of data analysis showed an increase in musculoskeletal disorders 15.02% (p <0.05)
and increased fatigue 11.9% (p <0.05). This fact suggests that the true lack of conformity between
the student anthropometric with a learning tool measure (such as the size of desks, chairs,
blackboards high / LCD screen, the placement of student work, the place across the aisle widths
between a desk study) and teaching methods that are not ergonomically could trigger the
musculoskeletal disorder and fatigue. Election approaches in the teaching and learning process is to
determine the position and work attitude while doing the activity in the classroom The negative
effects of teaching and learning science technology society approach that is not ergonomics based
are: (a) can trigger low back pain, (b) can cause work accidents, (c) may increase the cost of
treatment, (d) loss of many working hours, and (e) occurs over exertion injuries in joints, especially
in the spine (Pheasant, 1991). Work attitude that is not natural, in the form of static attitude in a
relatively long time, movement and play down the repeated disturbances can lead to skeletal muscle
system. Nala (1994) states that the work attitude that is not naturally lead to static muscle
contraction on large amounts of muscle systems of the human body. Often forgotten that the student
has the ability and skill as well as limitations of the cardiovascular, muscle, energy needs (nutrition)
and other psychology factors such as boredom, laziness, emotions, difficulty concentrating and
more. All that, in ergonomics, is used as physiological parameters (Sutajaya, 2005). Related to this
finding, apparently in the learning process has risk of fatigue. This is due to the implementation of
the learning process that is not accompanied with ergonomically, environmental conditions
unhealthy and uncomfortable.
To overcome this problem, it is necessary to learn the appropriate table is selected by the
user. Grandjean (1988) suggests that the high desk for writing and reading in the sitting position is
between 74-78 cm for males and between 70-74 cm for women. While Dul & Weerdmeester (1993)
states that for activities that often use eyes, hands and arms should be at the worksite 0-15 cm above
elbow height.
Blackboard, OHP screen, and LCD screen that is used as a learning tool, sometimes placed in a
place that does not refer to the rules of ergonomics, so it can create physiological disorders such as
pain or fatigue in the muscles of the eye and neck muscles students when reading texts or messages
that are created on the blackboard. Grandjean (1988) suggests that the rotation of the eyes when
viewing an object, not more than 5o above the horizontal plane and 30o below the horizontal plane.
Good lighting is essential, so that work can be done properly and in a comfortable
situation. For learning activities (reading and writing) is required lighting intensity of 350-700 lux
(Grandjean, 1988). In designing a presentation using Power Point slides, should meet the ergonomic
rules and estitika so that eyestrain can be minimized (Adri, 2008; Hartati, 2009; Pardede, 2008;
Said, 2009).
Microclimate in the study are determined by air temperature, surface temperature (temperature on
the table, windows, walls, floors, etc.), air humidity, air movement and air quality. The air
temperature in a room, should be between 20-24oC in winter and between 23-26oC in summer
(Helander, 1995). While the relative humidity in one room can not be less than 30% or between 40-
60% in summer, is the relative humidity that gives a comfortable atmosphere in the room
Identification, analysis and ergonomic solutions problems will to holistic , if using the
total ergonomic approach. Total ergonomic contains two aspects: (1) SHIP approach to the
identification and analysis, and solution to the problem is systemic, holistic, interdisciplinary and
participatory; (2) the use of appropriate technology (TTG) for Indonesia as a developing country
requires a change slowly and appropriate technologies, relevant to the actual circumstances,
cheaper, according to community characteristics and economic conditions of countries.
The change infrastructure of learning to conform with the anthropometric students need
the right technology, relevant to the situation and the real condition of the user (Manuaba, 2004).
The technology must be developed to meet the six criteria that are technically, economically,
ergonomically, in accordance with the socio-cultural values of users, energy saving and does not
damage the environment. The reason for Indonesia as a developing country requires changes slowly,
inexpensive and should fit the characteristics of the community and the nation’s economy. The main
principle of the technology to work manually, so that does not require any mechanical device which
could cause environmental pollution (Manuaba, 2004).
The result of data analysis, there was an increase in musculoskeletal disorder (MSD)
15,02% (p <0.05) and fatigue 11,9% (p <0.05).
This problem causes is teaching and learning in the department of Biology IKIP Saraswati Tabanan
not yet ergonomic approach.
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Special thanks to:
Centre for Ergonomics Study (CeFES), Udayana University
Perhimpunan Ergonomi Indonesia (PEI) / Indonesian Ergonomics Society (IES)
International Ergonomics Association (IEA)
Bali Human Ecology Study Group (Bali-HESG)
Bali Government
Udayana University
Denpasar City
Badung Regency
Taylor and Francis
Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety
Department of Physiology, Udayana University – School of Medicine,
Postgraduate Study on Ergonomics, Udayana University Postgraduate Programme
Centre for Ergonomics Studies (CeFES)
Dear Colleagues
Welcome to Bali. On behalf of the organizing committee, we would like to welcome all of
participants of APCHI-ERGOFUTURE 2010. We do hope all of you could get more
experiences from your participants in this conference in particular, and new ideas during
you stay in the famous of Bali as tourist destination.
As usually, every conference should be recorded in a book or proceedings for future
information and recognition. Sometimes the participants will need this proceeding for their
job promotion. There many papers are printed in this proceeding according to the journal
template. But, there some papers that were accepted past on deadline and were not written
as same as the template.
This proceeding was design and printed based on the theme and the schedule of
presentation. So, if you want to find your paper, you can use tha theme folder. Hopefully,
this book can give you more achievent in your job and bring more memory about Bali to
your country.
On this good opportunity, special thanks are addressed to our sponsor, government and
partners that support this conference.
Thank you.
Organizing Committe
1. Cultural Ergonomics (CEr)
1. Hypersonic Sounds a New Dimension of Digital Acoustics Indicated
by Balinese Traditional Gamelan Music (NISHINA Emi, KAWAI
Norie, YAGI Reiko and HONDA Manabuand OOHASHI Tsutomu)
2. The Efect of Noise of Balinese Traditional Orchestra (Gamelan),
Spectators, Dancing Costumers and Dancing Movements on The
Workload of The Modern Balinese Baris Dance (Nyoman Adiputra)
2. Cultural Ergonomics (CEr)
1. The Handle of Kris: Its Artistic or Ergonomics? (Ketut Tirtayasa) 13
2. Eeffect of Culture on Web Usability: A Study of Three Popular Sites (
Qing Zeng, Vikram S and Bishu R.R)
3. Ergonomic Evaluation of Stairs in Gunung Kawi Tampaksiring
Turism Object (I nyoman artayasa, I.B. trinawindu and I Nengah
sudika Negara)
3. Ergonomics and Women (EW)
1. Presbiopia at The Woman Dress Maker in Garment X at Dalung –
Kuta – Bali (Maria Yosefina Mau Hera and I Gede Oka Pujihadi)
2. Usage of Flat Shoes Model and High Heel Can Contribute to the
Musculoskeletal Complaints, Complaints on The Feet and The
Comfort of Students Secretary Affairs of Politeknik Negeri Bali
(Hidmi Gramatolina Ramdhayani)
4. Ergonomics In Small Scale Industries (ESSI)
3. Reforms Toward Ergonomics Work Practice in small and Medium
Level Industry (Nayas.M)
4. Planning and Repairing Work Methode at Small Industrial Sector
Gong Maker at Klungkung Regency-Bali to Increase Work
Productivity (I Ketut Gde Juli Suarbawa)
5. The Influence Of Working Shift into Possibilities of the FatigueFor
the Workers in PT. X Labuhan Batu (Kimberly Febrina Kodrat)
5. Child and Ergonomics(CE)
1. Ergonomics Evaluation of Traditional Indonesia Children Toys
(Theresia Pawitra and Linda Herawati)
2. Lead Poisoning In Children (Luh Putu Ratna Sundari) 32
3. Ergonomics Evaluation of Wooden Educational Toys In Surabaya
(theresia Pawitra and Linda Herawati)
6. Disable Ergonomics (DE)
1. Gait analysis of the prosthesis prototype Made from the natural fiber
reinforced composite (Agustinus P.Irawan)
2. Dedicated Facilities for Wheelchair Users When Utilizing
“Transjakarta Busway” Transportation System (Bagus ARTHAYA,
Kristiana A. DAMAYANTI and Rosiana DEWI)
3. The Factors of Returning to Work After the Work Hardening
Intervention Programs (Chen Mei-Hsiang and Min-Tsing Lee)
4. Biomechanics Study on Ankle Joint Fungtion in Using a Lower Thigh
Prosthetic on Normal Walking (Lobes Herdiman, Retno Wulan
Damayanti and Agus Susanto Wibowo)
5. Ergo-Economical Three Wheelers for Limb-Disables (Ida Bgs.
Dhisnu, I Gst. Nyoman Widnyana, and Gede Eka Harsana Koriawan)
7. Building/Housing Ergonomic (BE)
1. Review of Ergonomics Aspect of Electricity (Alit Swamardika, IB.) 53
2. Ergonomic Intervention by Ventilation and Windows Remodeling
Increases Comfort of Occupants of Houses Type 36/120 in Nuansa
Kori Housing Sading Mengwi Badung (I Wayan Parwata and I Made
Suniastha Amerta)
3. Addition Canggahwang and Sunduk at the Saka of Traditional Bali
House Due to Increasing Safety for the Residents Costs Earthquake
Load ( I Nyoman Sutarja and I Dewa Putu Sutjana)
4. Ergonomic Approach in Removement Lay Out Village in Bali ( I
Wayan Parwata & Nyoman Adiputra)
8. School Ergonomics (SE)
1. Proposed Font Size And Font Color To Writing On The Whiteboard
To Improve The Visual Effectiveness While Studying In Class
(Wawan Yudiantyo, Indra Sjarief Sugianli and Fera Purnama Sari
2. Ergonomics Princiles Should Become a Guidelines in Redesigning of
Interior Classroom in Bali for Increasing of Learning Effectiveness( I
Gusti Ngurah Ardana and Cok Ratna Cora)
3. Lighting System Analyses in The Laboratory of Information System
and Decision in Bandung Pasundan University (Erwin M. Pribadi,
Olyvia Septiyani and Gerhard Bonaparte Churchill)
4. Increasing of Teacher Profesionalism Through Understand of
Principles in Teaching and Leaning Process ( I Made Sutajaya)
9. Ergonomics & Sustainable Development (ESd)
1. Total Ergonomics Approach in Managing Three Economics
Potensials Eectors For Sustainable Development (Adnyana Manuaba)
2. MillenNium Development Goals ensuring Environmental
sustainability: Country Level (Abdelnaser Omran and Maria
Gavrilescu )
3. Ergonomic SHIP Approach for Sustainable Development
of Woodworking Workshop (Lilik Sudiajeng, A.Manuaba, N.
Adiputra and Dewa Sutjana)
10. Ergonomics & Sustainable Development (ESd)
1. The Sustainable Development Principles In Balinese Society
(Nyoman Adiputra)
2. Collapsed Before Demolish: The Case of Jaya Supermarket, Malaysia
( Abdul Aziz Hussin and Abdelnaser Omran)
3. Children’s Responsibility in Balinese Hindu Religion as The
Embodiment of The Principles of Sustainable Development (I Gusti
Ngurah Ardana and Sg. Putri M.E. Purwani)
11. Design & Ergonomics(DsE)
1. The Better Design of Student Bench at Senior High School
(Purnawan Adi Wicaksono, Haryo Santoso and Basshorrudin H. R.)
2. Analysing design activity: design and marketing in successful product
competition (Yen Hsu)
3. The Development of Algorithm for Designing Touring Bike Frame
Based on Anthropometric Data (Bagus Artaya and Ivan Hermawan)
12. Design & Ergonomics(DsE)
1. Redesigning of The Screwdriver Tip Reduces Muscles Load at
Glenohumeral Joint(A Teguh Siswanto)
2. Research on Findability: The Design of Brand Name Fonts and
Colors on the Packages of Tea Drinks (Mu-Chien Chou)
3. Total Ergonomics Approach in Tourism Development is a must in
Indonesia a Challenge and an Opportunity as well for rgonomist (
Adnyana Manuaba )
13. Musculoskeletal Disorder (MSD)
1. Study on Musculo-Skeletal Stress and Working Posture of VDT
Users and Ergonomics Intervention (Rauf Iqbal, P.K. Sarkar and
Amitabha De)
2. Comparasion Workload and Musculoskeletal Disorders of Fishermen
of Kedonganan and Benoa Beach, Badung Regency, Bali (Suyasning
HI and Darma Susila)
3. Using Valley Trolley Reduce Workload, Musculosceletal Disorder
and Increase Productivity of Tree Planting Coconut Workers at
Padanggalak Sanur Vilage (A.A.Ardana, N.K.Pujiani and Anthyke
4. Standing Working Position Affect The Musculoskletal Complaint,
Tiredness and Working Burden of the PNB Engineering Departement
Students (I Ketut Widana, Nengah Ludra Antara and Ni Wayan
14. Aviation Ergonomics(AEr)
1. Human Factors in Transformation Aircraft System Design Case
Study: Flight Deck Design D728 Fairchild Dornier Jet
Aircraft,Germany (Drs. Harris Perdana)
2. Designing Facility and Layout for CN-235 Flight Cabin For VIP
Passenger Purposed(Wawan Yudiantyo and Ledy Diana)
15. Ergonomics & 24 Hours Society (EHs)
1. Nurse Shift Scheduling Design Using Cyclic Nurse Algorithm and
Pittsburgh Sleeps Quality Index (Case Study at Haji General Hospital
Emergency Installation Unit Surabaya) ( Rachmad C. Permana,
Sritomo Wignjosoebroto and Ratna Sari Dewi)
2. Ergonomically Management and Strategies to Anticipate Negative
Impacts of Nursing Night Shifts in Indonesia in the Age of Twenty
Four Hours Society (Ida Bagus Gde Dhisnu and Ida Ayu Santhi
3. Effect Scheduling Breaks to Workload & Workmanship Time Part of
Cutting Step a Side Tile at Super Utama Tile Factory. (Heri Setiawan
and Mery Wijaya)
16. Ergonomics & Public Services (EPS)
1. The Improvement of Working Method for Sending Special Fast Letter
Service in PT Pos Indonesia (PERSERO ) Palembang 30000(Heri
Setiawan and Santi)
2. A Study of Influence of Ad Creativity and Emotional Appeals on
Purchase Intention – Case Study of Service Print Ads(Regina W.Y.
Wang and Shy-Pey Hwang)
3. Design of Equipment Rack with TRIZ Method to Reduce Searching
Time in Change Over Activity ( case study : PT. Jans2en Indonesia)
(Sri Hartini, Susatyo NWP, Dina Subekti KR)
4. Designing Autonomous Trash Treatment Facilities as the One
Alternatives to Pprocess Trash to Minimize Negative Environment
Impact (Ricky Wiryanto and Wawan Yudiantyo)
17. Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1. Prototype development and usability study of a remote input device
for Chinese-painting (Yung-Hui Terrence Lee)
2. Analysis and Development for User Interface Software Games
Education for Children With Lucid Method (Arina Ciptaningtyas,
Sandy and Ary Arvianto)
3. Reading dynamically displayed information on a small screen in
various ambulatory contexts (Yu-Hung Chien, Chien-Cheng Yen,
Shaio-Chung Chan and Ching-Chang Chuang)
18. Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1. Development of Integrated Learning System (Wiwik Budiawan,
SinggihSaptadi, Brav Deva Bernandhi and ShalinyAdelestari)
2. A Conceptual Design of Pleasure Station Based on Totally
Ergonomic Approach as The Art of Interfacing Computers and
Elderlies (Ida Bagus Gde Dhisnu, I Nyoman Sutarna)
3. Cancer Stage Detection using LVQ Neural Network based on Breast
Thermogram (Oky Dwi Nurhayati, Thomas Sri Widodo Adhi Susanto
and Maesadji T)
19. Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1. The Measurement of Human reliability When do Typing Bahasa
Indonesia and English word on Simulation with THERP (Technical
Human Error Rate Prediction) Methods ( Erwin M. Pribadi and Saiful
2. Correlation between eye-movement and EEG patterns during reading
tasks(Tan Vo, Sumudu Mendis, Tom Gedeon)
3. How to recognize objects based on mental model and visual clues
with products when operating (Toshiki Yamaoka, Toshihisa Doi and
Kei Adachi)
20. Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1. Modeling the mobile factors for adoption including design factor
(Injun Hwang, and Sungil Lee)
2. Sharing and Learning Using Technology: Case of Distance Learning
in Udayana University (Linawati and P.K. Sudiarta)
3. Collaborative Approach in Designing Learning Materials (Arina
Ciptaningtyas, Singgih Saptadi)
21. Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1. Statistical Characterization of Post stage breast Cancer based on
Thermal Randomness (Titik Nurhayati)
2. Affordances and social rules in human-computer interactions: The
different responses to computers or people (Wan-chi Liu and Yu-chen
3. Identification Ergonomic Problems on Middle Aged People in Using
Mobile Phone to Sending Text Messages (Anthyke Mulya,
N.K.Pujiani and A.A.Ardana)
22. Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1. Development of E-Learning Content For Visual and Reading
Learning Styles (Diwa Saad & Singgih Saptadi)
2. Kinematics Analysis of Cursor Trajectory in a Pointing Task with
Mouse in a Large Display (Takayuki Tsukitani, Kazuki Takashima
and Yuichi Itoh)
3. Computational Fluid Dynamic; Wall Functions for turbulence
industries (I Gede Adi Susila, and Sergei V. Utyuzhnikov)
23. Ergonomics & Sustainable Development (ESd)
1. Simple ErgonomicsFull Aanalysis for Proposing Accupational Safety
and Health Program (Muhammad Ragil Suryoputro)
2. Side Handle Design for Elderly People When Entering a Family Cars
(Minibus) Based on The Antrophometri Data With The
Environmental Impact Analysis (Sustainable Product) (K.A.
Drestanta, Miselia Cempaka and Denny Nukertamanda)
3. Stress Analysis of Disassembly Workers: An Initiative Study in
Indonesian Context ( Maria Anityasari, Andra Wibisono, Rudi
Septianto, Farid Alvianto, Triyono Priyosaputro, Risang Galih and
Ria Asyrofa)
24. Design & Ergonomics (DsE)
1. A Study on Demand and Integrated Design of Computer Desks (Jih-
Syongh Lin)
2. Ergonomics Redesign of Working Tools Increases Performance of
Traditional Coconut oil makers in the district of Dawan ( I Md Gede
Arimbawa )
3. Ergonomics Intervention on Recording Studio, Case Study:
Containment Strato Studio (Yulian Adi Pratama, David Adrianto,
Heru Prastawa, DEA)
1. Application of ergonomic interventions in some unorganized sectors
of West Bengal for the prevention of musculo skeletal disorders
(Somnath Gangopadhyay)
2. Ergonomic Study at Restaurant and Its Impact on Musculatal
Complaint and Tire (Cokorda Istri Sri Widhari and I Gusti Lanang
Suta Artatanaya)
3. Teaching and Learning Science Technology Society Approach
Ergonomic Based Reduces Musculoskletal Disorder and Fatigue
Students IKIP Saraswati Tabanan (I Gusti Made Oka Suprapta)
4. Ergonomic Analysis of Manual Work Case Study of lifting krat
Bottled Drink in PT X (I Wayan Sukania)
5. Applied NIOSH Lifting Equation for Manual Lifting Tasks ( Parvena
1. Ergonomics and Tri Hita Karana on Tradisional House Building ( I
Nyoman Artayasa)
2. Study on the Visual Identifiability of Taiwan Doorplate Design (Shy-
Pey Hwang and Chien-Hsiung Chen)
3. Determination Optimum Parameter of Rockwooland Power Electrical
in Blow Molding Machine to Boost Health, Safety Work and
Effectiveness of a Small Company Making a Plastic Bottle ( Denny
Nurkertamanda, Faradinnita Akhsani, Siddha Pradipta)
1. Ceremony and the Holiday for Balinese During The Year 2009 (Autocriticism
for a better performance) (Made Sri Putri Purnamawati)
2. The Implementation of 5 Days Work Increases of Presence and
Reduces The Bus Operational Cost of Public Servants Udayana
University (Sutjana, I D.P.)
3. Design of Work Schedule for Anticipating Too Much Holiday in Bali
to Increase Employees Productivity and Consumer Statisfaction of
Craftmen ( I Gusti Ngurah Ardana, I wayan Balika Ika and I Wayan
Pt. Sutirtayasa)
1. Stress Among Fishermen Building Construction Workers and
Government Official in Bali (Suyasning HI, Eka Los Pratama and
Praya Bayu Prambudi)
2. Implementation of Work Safety and Health, Management at Bali
State Polytechnic(I Gusti Lanang Suta Artatanaya and Cokorda Istri
Sri Widhari)
3. Construction of Rural Infrastructure Development with A Total
Ergonomic Approach (Sutarja, N. and I Wayan Bandem Adnyana)
4. The Innovation Decision Process of Internet Marketing in Small
Middle Enterprises System (Singgih Saptadi and Aulia Fashanah H.)
29. Office & Furniture (OFE)
1. Ergonomic Evaluation of Modern Office System in an IT Enabled
Organization in India(Amitabha De, T Mogare, Saharia J and Iqbal
2. The effect of wall color on productivity and comfortable of working
place(Alit Swamardika, IB)
3. The Ergonomics of Work Station & Work Position Decrease The
Fatigue & Musculoskeletal Disorder to the Worker on Ceramic Clay
Process at UPT-PSTKP Bali (Komang Nelly Sundari)
4. Effects to thickness lumbar support on low back pain during
breastfeeding of Thai women. (Nongnuch Klinpikul)
30. Office & Furniture (OFE)
1. Effect of keyboard placement on elbow extension and shoulder
muscle activity (Swati PalBiswas and P.K. Nag)
2. A Study on Demand and Integrated Design of Computer Desks /
Workstation in Digital Lifestyle(Jih-Syongh Lin and Shin-Tsann Lee)
3. The effect of wall color to the intensity of light to get an ergonomic
work place (Janardana, IGN)
31. Ergonomics & Disaster (ED)
1 AN Analysis on emergency response capability of regional public
hospital of Badung Regency in Kapal (Ni Putu Laksmi Wijayanti and
I Ketut Widana)
2 Analysis of Disaster Experience Using Semantic Analysis Tool
(Jenthi Krishna Radha and Halimahtun M. Khalid)
3 In Anticipating, Facing and managing a Disaster a Total Ergonomics
Approach Mush be Conductrd to Attain Human and Sustainable work
system and Products (Adnyana Manuaba)
32. Transport & Traffic Ergonomic (TTE)
1 Driver’s Response to Information and Position on Variable Message
Signs with Graphics and Texts (Chien-Jung Lai and Yan-Syun Wu)
2 Ergonomically Mounting of Headlamps to Minimize Glare Effects on
Drivers of Mutually Oncoming Vehicles in Night Time Driving (a
preliminary study) (Ida Bagus Gde Dhisnu)
3 Human Error Analysis of Train Accidents in Indonesia (Study of
Problem Boundary) ( Hardianto Iridiastadia and Wiwik Budiawa)
33. Transport & Traffic Ergonomic (TTE)
1 Analysis and Redesigning of Outdoor Advertisements on Public
Transportation with Gestalt Laws and Golden Section Method(Rosa
Karnita and Della Meiralarasari)
2 Classification and Codification System of Stress for Traffic Accident
Prevention (Oktri Mohammad Firdaus)
34. Health/Medicine Ergonomics (H/ME)
1 Rest Time and Music for Follower in Working to Decrease Weariness
and Stress in work (Heri Setiawan and Laurensa Verra Ririn
2 Measurement Nurses Physical and Mental Workload in Mental
Hospital and Its Implication (Nataya Charoonsri Rizani, Kuniarti
Pratiwi and Dorina Hetharia)
3 Reaction Time and Health Disolders for Drinking Arak Bali Culture
(Suaniti Ni Made and Bandem Adnyana I Wayan)
4 Effects of message framing and color priming on the perception of
H1N1 Flu Vaccine information(Yu-Hung Chien, Ching-Chang
Chuang and Shaio-Chung Chan)
35. Design &Ergonomics (DsE)
1 Development of safety the arm training system based on artificial
pneumatic muscles via computer technologies(Jeih-Jang Liou)
2 Design of Notebook Cooler With Mouse Pad Consider Ergonomic
Aspect for Student (Praharani Duhita Hs., Ari Agung Prihandoyo,
Denny Nukertamanda)
3 Angle of preferred viewiching Machine in standing position
(Rajendra Patsute)
4 Ergonomics Intervention on the Activity of Learning at Boarding
House Decrease the Load of Learning of the Students (Meity
36. Design &Ergonomics (DsE)
1 A study on universal design and emotions (Han-Yu Lin, Hui Yueh
Hsieh and Fang-Ming Huang)
2 Working Posture Improvement for Punching Machine’s Operator
(Case Study at PT. X)(Nora Azmi, Darmawan Putrajaya, Rahmi
3 Design of jewel stone sharpener to increase jewel worker work
productivity in subagan village karangasem bali(M. Yusuf and Made
Anom Santiana)
4 Intervention with Total Ergonomics Approach Iimproves
Biomechanical Aspects and Body Thermal Equilibrium of the
Student in Performing Field Practicum Activity in the Hot Area
(Meity Martina Pungus and Rolles Nixon Palilingan)
37. Special Topic (ST)
1 Analysis Fatigue Level Nurse Evaluation Based On Patients At High
Bathing Place To Sleep In Patients In RSUP Sanglah Denpasar (Ni
2 The Use of Ergonomy Concept in Media Company(Ngurah Budi) 435
3 Nurses Waist Pain Analysis Base On Sleep Patient Moving System At
IRNA RSUP Sanglah Denpasar (Ni Nyoman AYUNINGSIH, Ni
4 Through Ergonomic Intervention Can Improve Work Performance on
Clay Processing of the Ceramics Material at AT PSTKP
BALI(Komang Nelly Sundari)
5 Staff Waist Pain Analysis Base On Wrong Position In Lifting At
IRNA RSUP Sanglah Denpasar Year 2010(Ni Nyoman
38. Ergonomics & Global Warming (EGW)
1 Impacts of Global Warming to Working and Living Condition, and
Environment With special reference to Bali, Indonesia(Adnyana
2 Prospective Ergonomics (Jane-Marc Robert and Eric Brangier) 460
39. Design &Ergonomics (DsE)
1 Multidimensional Scaling Analysis of Aesthetic Preferences for Blog 465
Interfaces (Chun-Cheng Hsu)
2 Informant System for the medicine Supply and Storage to Reduce the
searcing time and expiring date loss (bambang Purwanggono)
3 Work design improvement to decrease Manufacturing lead time in
pharmaceutical industry (Rmauli-noraazmi)
4 Model of Activity of Ergonomics-Based Field Practicum (ApelErg)
Improves Physiological Responses and Decreases Fatigue of the
Students in High Land/Cool Area (Rolles Nixon Palilingan and Meity
Martina Pungus)
40. Ergonomics & Aging (Eag)
1 Ergonomics of the elderly (MOKDAD, M.) 475
2 Older Workers in Indonesia: What does the Future Hold? (Susy
Purnawati and Muliarta)
3 Age, Working Duration, Cause Factor and Incidence of Occupational
accidents in a Manufacture Company (Lientje Setyawati Kusumaharta
4 Study on the Age and Muscle Strength Indonesia Workers (Henny,
Hardianto Iridiastadi)
5 The Effects of Age Differences for Visual Search in the different light
quality and quantity of Sign Text and Symbols( Chun-Wen Chao &
Cheng Hung Huang)
41. Design &Ergonomics (DsE)
1 Ergonomic Design of The Grated Coconut Press Machine (Heri
Setiawan and Sofyan Chandra)
2 Design punch plastic tool for soil cover to increase work productivity
strowbery farmer in bedugul village tabanan bali (Made Anom
Santiana and M. Yusuf)
3 Improving Design of walker therapys tool for light stroke patients
based on ergonomics approach ( B.Kristyanto and S.L Sanjaya)
4 An Ergonomic Desig of Mushollas in fulfilling consumer needs
(Samsudin Hariyanto)
42. Transport & Traffic Ergonomic(TTE)
1 Predictive Models of Motorcycle Accident Occurrence in a Philippine
City (Glaiza Marie T. Flores, Maria Patricia T. Gotohio, Rosemary R.
Seva and Noel Gabriel C. Paras)
2 Driver Fatigue and Cell Phone Usage in Car Driving System: An
Integrative Perspective (Manik Mahachandra, Yassierli and Ajeng
Yeni Setianingrum)
3 A Study on Eye Point and Filed of View of Older Drivers(Seongil
Lee, Jiho Choi, Kyohyun Song and Injun Hwang)
43. Industrial / Mining Ergonomics (I/ME)
1 Ergonomics Assessment in National Manufacturing Industry for
Improving the Global Competitiveness (Sritomo W.Soebroto)
2 Work System of Company Aditya Yudha Laundry at Badung (I Ketut
3 Short Rest Application Decrease Work Loads and Musculoskeletal
Complain Coin Craftsman in Village Kamasan, Klungkung Regency
(I Nengah Darma Susila and I Nyoman Sutarna)
4 Improving Productivity Using Similar Work Elements Identification
Method (Josef Hernawan Nudu, Parama K. Dewa and Ign. Cahyo
44. Agriculture Ergonomics (AE)
1 Community Empowerment Strategy With Agro Ergonomics
Approach to the White Cow Preservation in Taro Village– Bali (
Nyoman Sucipta)
2 Research on Agriculture in Bali. Where does it go?
( Adiputra, I Nyoman and Sutjana, I Dewa Putu)
3 Ergonomically Work Station During Cutting Jajan Uli
Reduced Workload and Subjective Complaints and Increased
Productivity Rather Than Traditional Workstation (Sarjana, P)
45. Ergonomics Firefighter (EF)
1 Improving Public Understanding of The Performance Power Fire In 550
Ngurah Priambadi)
Wayan Bandem Adnyana, I Gusti Made Oka Suprapta, and I Gusti
Case Handling Speed (I.G.N. Ngurah Priambadi, I ketut Astawa)
2 Physical Fitness Charges Related Work Fire Department Officer (I 554
46. Agriculture Ergonomics (AE)
1 An Ergonomic Approach to Agricultural Hand Tool
Design(Mahendra Singh Khidiya and Awadhesh Bhardwaj)
2 Determining Proper Strategies in Developing OSH Protection
of Forestry Worker through Competency Assessment (Efi Yuliati
3 Agricultural Accidents Scenario in Rajasthan State of India(Abhay
Kumar Mehta, Hemant Shrimali and S.S. Meena)
4 Redesain of Solar Dryer Increases Quality of Seaweed and
Performance of Farmers (I Wayan Surata)
47. Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1 Analysis on The Difference of Effect on Interior Lighting,
Sight Distance and Screen Brightness Toward Visual Fatigue
and Performance for Laptop Users (Dian Palupi, Indah Fitri
andYenni Dinia Riskanty)
2 Time and Motion Study to Improve Work Effectivity and Efficiency
(I Gede Wahyu Antara Kurniawan and I Nengah Suparta)
3 Self-verification versus behavioral confirmation in web-based virtual
chat room setting(Chi-hong Yang and Yu-chen Hsu)
48. Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1 User performance on notification system for large displays (Yueh-
Hua Lee and Kuo-Hao Tang)
2 Eye-tracking and its application in ergonomics research(PUTRI Dian
Kemala and BOUCHEIX Jean-Michel)
3 Design for peripheral vision when using large displays(Sz-Kai Weng
and Kuo-Hao Tang)
49. Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1 Effects of Menu Column and Screen Resolution on Search
Performance and Subjective Preference (Shu-Ying Chiang and
Chien-Hsiung Chen)
2 Tangible Interaction with an ID Tag (Seongil Lee, Kyohyun Song
and Jiho Choi)
3 Software Ergonomic Measurement Related to Measurer’s
Mood(Budi Sentana, Sarwosri, Roy Rudolf and Evi Triandini)
50 Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1 Applying Sound Supports and Pre-Warning Signals to Facilitate
Wayfinding Behavior in a Virtual Environment(Chien-Hsiung Chen)
2 A Design of Dynamic Notification System in Evacuation Planning
(Arief Rahman, Adithya Sudiarno, Uanda Filanka and Ira Novira)
3 Control of Pant-Tilt-Zoom (PTZ) Camera By Using Eye Movement
(Agus Supranartha )
51. Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1 Designing information fusion for the user-oriented interface design of
a video monitoring system(YEN HSU)
2 User Satisfaction Analysis of an E-Learning Site(Luciana Triani
3 Overview user interactions model of E-Government(Dinar Mutiara
Kusumo Nugraheni)
52. Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1 A Usability Study of Digital Game Interface(Chun-Ching Chen and
Chien-Mien We)
2 A System for Sharing Taxis with Multiple Interfaces(Ken Taylor,
Herman Jaya So, Jim Lilley)
3 Nice, Easy but Difficult: Usability Evaluation of an Academic
Website (Fariza Hanis Abdul Razak and Lina Farhana Yahaya)
4 Haptic Teleoperation of Industrial Equipment (Chris Gunn and
DingYun Zhu)
53. Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1 Usability Evaluation of a Mobile System: Integration of Ergonomic
Inspection, Usability Testing, Life-Size Evaluation and Satisfaction
Survey(Robin Vivian & Éric Brangier)
2 Designing Menu on Mobile Phone (Cellphone) Based on the
Characteristic of the Elderly (Dian Palupi, Uray Amilia and Rizky
3 Research on the effect of visual information on operation of products
-Focused on button design of touch screen cell phones- (Wang-Mi
SEOK, Ji-Hong JEUNG and Young Hwan PAN)
54. Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1 Data connectivity solutions for the Indonesian provincial animal
health laboratory network (Peter DURR, Riza HISAMUDDIN, Ken
2 Interface Development in Academic Information System of
Engineering Faculty Diponegoro Universsity Using Task Centered
System Design (TSCD) Method (Purnawan Adi Wicaksana, Sondang
Yunita and Suparyanti)
3 Development of Web Based Information System for Indonesia
Anthropometry Data (Ari Widyanti and Manik Mahachandra)
55. Computer Human Interface (CHI)
1 Exploration of Second Life a Virtual Game Environment for
Teleoperation (Ida Bagus Kerthyayana Manuaba, Ken Taylor and
Tom Gedeon)
2 Gesture Based Interface for Robot Control (Florian Nebout, Ken
Taylor and Sumudu Mendis)
3 Research on the relationship between experienced factors and
configuration of products in a space (Won-seok YANG)
4 Tangible Linker: organizing and accessing digital contents using
untagged tangible objects (Ho Ying Wong, Shin Takahashi and Jiro
5 The Display medium, academic major and Sex Effect on visuospatial
abilities Test performance (Yen-Yu Kang)
56. Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD)
1 Risk Assessment of Musculoskeletal Disorders among Workers in
Assembling and Ppacking Tasks in Automotive Industry in the
Eastern Region Iindustrial Estate Thailand (Saksith Kulwong)
2 Improvement of Working Station Reduce Musculosceletal Disorder
and Increase Learning Comfortable Among Medical Faculty Student
Udayana University (Inten DP, Sutjana IDP and Astawa P)
3 Working Conditions Improvement Through Total Ergonomic
Approach Decreasing Quality of Fatigue at Metal Crafters
At Kediri Tabanan (I Putu Gede ADIATMIKA)
4 Placement Granite Tile Floor as Floor Materials can Increase Risk
Slipped and Fell (Achmad Mar’ie SANAD)
57. Last paper
1 Evaluation of Work Sitting and Standing Students in Practice of
Polytechnic of Bali (I Gede Santosa)
2 Hip Fractures In Balinese Elderly(Putu Astawa) 722
3 Work System Evaluation Based On Ergonomics In
PT. “ED” Aluminium Yogyakarta (Hafzoh BATUBARA)
Om Swastyastu,
Based on long experiences working in Human Computer Interface
(HCI), Ergonomics (Erg), occupational safety and health (OSH), up to
now we are practically still running at the same place. Accident or
occupational diseases in fact still happening, even in the workplace
equipped with up to date regulation and personal protected devices.
Unsafe acts and unsafe behavior must be managed to develop safety
behavior. Mind set changes become an important issue to be success. To
solve that problem, Balinese Brach of Indonesian Ergonomics society
supported by APCHI, PEI, IEA, Center of Ergonomics Study of
Udayana University and Bali Human Ecology Study Group (BaliHESG)
organize the Joint International Conference Asia Pasific Computer Human Interaction and
Ergofuture 2010, namely APCHI-ERGOFUTURE 2010. The conference will be held at
Sanur Paradise Plaza Hotel and Suites, Bali on 2 – 6 August 2010.
The goals are: 1. to provide guidance and direction for young ergonomist, 2. to show the unfit,
improper, inappropriate research and application of ergonomics and OSH, 3. to convince that a
total and a more strategic approach must be done in conducting research and application with aim
to have maximum benefit.
The scientific program of APCHI-ERGOFUTURE 2010 including: 1. pre conference symposium,
workshops and tutorials, 2. keynotes address, 3. free communication (parallel session) such as:
human computer interface, cultural, hospital, aging, small scale industries, industrial sports,
disable, children, women, cognitive, product design, displays and warning, mining, MSDs, ODAM,
office, communities, transport, tourism, agriculture, architecture, school, home, industrial, etc; 4.
student papers for undergraduate; 5. accompany program and 6. additional tour (under request and
number of participants). To make the conference more successfully, the organizing committee
invited overseas participants to participate in the conference. Bali is a paradise island with unique
attraction culture shall becoming unforgettable experience to all participants.
Om Shantih, Shantih, Shantih Om,
Conference Chair
Prof. dr. I Dewa Putu Sutjana, PFK, M.Erg
Dear Colleagues,
The world has change, tight competition and complex problem will occur.
The problem is related to global changes, and it will not be possible to solve
the problem individually.
It needs a comprehensive approach. All experts, scientists, and stakeholders
should joint and sit together to get the proper
implement the new information, new techniques or researches in the
communities by using a simple technique and easy to use by the people. This
is our task to bridge the scientists and c
thinking globally and act locally, using comprehensive approach.
On behalf of Indonesian Ergonomics Society or Perhimpunan Ergonomi Indonesia (PEI), I would
like to welcome all colleagues interest to this conference. As a n
to say thank you very much to the APCHI that has pointed PEI
decided Bali as the location of the conference. It will be jointly organized with Ergofuture 2010.
It’s a good experience if you could come to this conference, because the topics that are proposed by
the organizing committee are very interesting. There many topics about human computer
interaction and ergonomics as a whole that are organized is parallel session, key notes addre
symposium and other seminars. So, please prepare your pa
committee as soon as possible related to time schedule from the OC.
On this occasion, I appreciate very much to the OC who work very hard to prepare this conferen
I hope all of you plan can be done properly. I hope the God bless you and the conference will
done successfully.
President of Indonesian Ergonomics Society
Dr. dr. I Putu Gede Adiatmika, M.Kes
hould and appropriate way in
communities in problem solving by
new President of PEI, I would like
as the host of APCHI 2010 and
uld paper and send it to the organizing
n ew setting
per conference.
Dear Good Friends,
We shall organize ergo future Internati
again in Bali, August, 2-6, 2010. This
the Asia Pacific Computer Human Interaction (APCHI
Why we have to organize Ergofuture2010?
1. As problems never ended, it is logically that we have to carry out again
our ergo future, not only to accomplish the residue, but also to solve the
new problems we are and shall be facing in the future pro
2. Having healthy-fit human resources to be
accommodating with ergonomics working conditions and environment is really an ultimate
task for ergonomists. In doing so a total approach must be done.
3. This is not an easy job and must be done through serious hard effort and must be
supported by new mind set.
4. Ergonomics problems and solution in agriculture, tourism, small and medium scale enterprises,
sustainable development, transportation, school and education, mining, fishery,
plantation, industry, military
etc are our main targets to be deliberated in this coming conference. And it shall cover
children, gender, women, ageing, and disabled workers.
5. In the meantime, we should consider vari
– Disasters, in term of earthquake, tsunami, flood;
– Global warming with its impacts;
– The emerging 24 hours society with all its consequence;
– The still existing of old traditional economic problems,
– Increased technology transfer problems and issues (HCI), and finally
– The existing of old “instant noodle” mind set among policy,
designers becoming a pile of problems which must also be seriously considered.
What Ergo future 2006 as the first ergo future attained? What are the challenges
The demand to apply a total and a more strategic approach to carry out research and application of
Ergonomics and Occupational Safety
have been anticipated by many researches and application based on Total Ergonomics Approach.
The PhD and Master Degree Program of Ergonomics, Tourism and Environment students at
Udayana University have started to use the Total Ergonomics Approach in their Dis
Thesis. The words of Holistic and Participation approached have been spoken / used at large, from
policy makers up to the people at the grass root.
been owned and practiced by those who conc
The goal of better life which covers matters of health, safety, comfort and efficient elements has
been increasingly being concerned and demanded by respected stakeholders from various
institutions and disciplines. Interdisciplinary approach has been highly demanded and more and
more disciplines needs to be involved in solving the more complex problems. Individual capacity
building to work in a team becoming a must. Various efforts being done to anticipate
Practice and its theory gave more color to our curriculum. Bali Island as a whole becoming our real
laboratory. Integrated ergonomics SHIP approach workshops have been intensively done as a
conditioning forum for participants starting to th
done at our ergofutute2006 indicated a lot of home works which need serious attention and
sustained solution. More hard work efforts to campaign the benefit utilization of ergonomics to the
respected significant target groups are still highly needed. Bridging the gap between research and
application are still becoming crucial problems which should be overcome shortly. Human relation
knowledge, attitude and practice are really a strong tool to be successful. D
Rights principle and approach becoming a must. Human Capital investment not only to be talked
but has to be implemented more seriously. And your active participation in filling the gap, bridge
the gap and solve the problems are highly ex
Bali, the last paradise in this changing world.
Prof. I. B. Adnyana Manuaba, Horn.,FErgS
International Seminar (Ergo future 2010)
shall be jointly conducted with
blems pro-actively.
productive enough by
military, health care, home, human computer interface, aviation, sea fares,
various facts which could highly influence this works.
he ncreased he decision makers, and
Safety-Health with aim to have maximal benefit, practically in fact
e New mind set, to think and act holistically, have
concern and commit to sustainable development of Bali.
ciplines. think and act holistically. And workshop which was
cant Democracy and Human
expected. Finally looking forward to seeing you all in
, strongly
, ous Dissertation and
ern this situation.
ink emocracy pected.
As a steering committee member
you who specialize in the HCI and the Ergonomics to APCHI
ERGOFUTURE 2010. As an APCHI conference, this is the 9th
conference following the 8th conference held in Incheon, Korea in
2008 and will be followed by the 10th conference in Tokyo, Japan in
APCHI is a regional HCI conference in A
attracts many researchers and practioners from the US and European
countries. It is my pleasure that APCHI conference is now held in Bali, a
beautiful and attractive place for the conference a
you join us at APCHI-ERGOFUTURE 2010 and enjoy the conference and scenic beauties, and
warm hearted welcomes of Indonesian people.
Masaaki Kurosu
for APCHI conferences, we kindly invite
Asia Pacific region but also
and holidays. Why don’t



6 Tanggapan to “ERGONOMIC”

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